Ocean acidification is caused by an excessive amount of carbon dioxide dissolving into the ocean, causing a chemical reaction that acidifies the ocean water and resulting in the destruction of marine ecosystems worldwide. Today, the ocean is already 3 times more acidic than before the Industrial Revolution, and is expected to rise to 5 times by the year 2100.
Kelpture aims to reverse the adverse effects of carbon dioxide emission and the resulting ocean acidification through biotechnology. Networks of genetically modified sugar kelp with enhanced photosynthetic ability are grown in large scale infrastructure located along the coastline. Through absorption of enormous amount of carbon dioxide from the ocean, Kelpture slows down the chemical reaction that causes ocean acidification and lowers the carbonate content of the ocean. The biomass produced through this process can then be used as new resources such as carbon fibre, animal fodder, bio-textiles and so on.
In brief, Kelpture is a radical solution to the increasing ocean acidification, which, if implemented at scale, could provide a solution to the ever-increasing man-made production of atmospheric carbon.